Underground Storing Of Hydrocarbon

With appropriate site selection, design analysis, perfect construction, operation and good maintenance, there is no setback about the feasibility of underground storage system, and it’s economically lucrative. The low pressure involved in underground storage system have posed not construction and operating delay that wireline logging company will not be able to bear from their experience from oil field activities. Storing of hydrocarbon will practically save a lot of critical material like steel for other use and national interest and also conserve liquid petroleum gas because without it the gas will vanish and it will not be of economic useable. It will help in the military in storing of oil in more strategic place that cannot be easily be attacked by the enemy. To practice underground storage of hydrocarbon, all the above-listed point must be considered.

Site Selection Protocol
The geographic location in choosing an underground storage depend largely on the chemical and physical characteristic of the material to be stored as well as the geological formation of the area where to be stored. Wireline logging company can extract the geological formation properties. They will carry out an experimental and complex geological study of the site. Other factors to be considered are transportation facilities, Availability of utilities, like adequate water Supply, waste disposal (and possibly brine retention) and Surface conditions.

Design and Construction Specification
Most complete and satisfactory underground storage system has been dissolved out of salt layers or turn into shale or rock. But advanced equipment has shown that by use of standard geological data with concise knowledge of Geologist and engineers a suitable design can be design to withstand any form of setback. This can be achieved by following the sound engineering standard and practice and adhering to the regulation laws and code with some advance knowledge during wireline logging and wireline logging inspection.

Operation and Maintenance Guide
The operation and maintenance of underground storage terminals can be broken down into the following. This is based on the type of the cavity of the storage been dealt with these are Scheduling which includes receiving and shipping. Receiving, shipping and measurement by trunks and long vehicle, Injection and Recovery by pumping and displacement, etc., Reprocessing of hydrocarbon to be stored to a more stable state
The operation and maintenance are not complicated as that of well being drilled by Wireline Company during extraction of petroleum. If it is properly maintained and planned possibility of severe failure will be eliminated. Product loss is not always excessive, and this ranges from 1.99% to 9.99% depending on construction procedure.

Contamination, Deterioration, and Alteration
Disease and decay do not occur in certain hydrocarbons like liquid petroleum gas and some other hydrocarbon. Though individual hydrocarbon is needed to be dehydrated when been withdrawn from cavities to meet the required specification. The temperature of the product being also stored in the cavities must be constant, and it is usually higher than average temperature encountered on surface leakage. It will be lesser, however, better than the highest temperature reached on surface tank storage.

Wireline logging – How it all started

Wireline logging is a term used in oil and gas sector to mean the bringing down a logging gadget joined to a wireline into an oil well to quantify the properties of the stone and the formation’s fluids

The estimations acquired are then translated and used to decide the profundities and areas where oil can be discovered. It is referred to as Wireline logging because the logging device is brought down through the oil well on the end of a wireline.

The history of Wireline logging is more than 80 years ago. Two Schlumberger brothers, Conrad and Marcel, were the first to run the principal wireline log in France at the Pechelbronn Oil Company.

Their exploratory logging endeavor was successful, and the siblings called their new method an electric survey. And in the mid-1930s in the USA the expression “well log” became a popular term.

Wireline logging devices are shaped like a cylinder. They go from a thin breadth of around one and a half inches up to around five inches. There are three fundamental types of wireline logging instruments.

Wireline Logging Company

Types of wireless logging instruments

The first measures the unconstrained potential. That is, the voltage difference between a terminal in the wireline logging apparatus and another cathode while the former is in the oil well and the latter at the entrance. This likewise has extra instruments to gauge the regular radiation originating from

The second sort of wireline logging apparatus has a wellspring of excitation and additionally a sensor. The detecting frameworks used as a part of this type can be attractive reverberation, inductive, electric, acoustic, or different strategies.

The third sort of hardware utilized is one that can play out some mechanical move. This kind of wireline logging apparatus can recover rock tests at different profundities to permit researchers to analyze the real development physically. It can also recover oil tests at decided profundities and convey them move down to the surface for analysis.

There are likewise contrasts in the sorts of electric log instruments utilized. They can be classified by whether they are used before the oil well is cased, and are along these lines open gap records, or after it has been cased, and in this way cased gap logs.

Electric logs are further characterized by the physical properties the device measures. It is a resistivity log when the particular resistance of the stone and liquids are measured. When a given volume of rock has its rate of pore volume measured, it is the porosity log instrument that is employed. Porosity logs use advances taking into account sound waves or atomic responses.

Wireline Logging Company in the field

Benefits of wireless logging

The upsides of wireline logging are extensive. Wire logs give different arrangement parameters like Resistivity, Density, Conductivity, Gamma, and Porosity. These parameters help in characterizing the borehole development .They likewise help in identifying nearness of Hydrocarbons storage.

It permits the securing of important information at a quick rate and over a broad variety of profundities. This permits quick and precise choices to be made on boring, in light of the data got. Understanding the physical properties of an oil well is basic to legitimately overseeing it over its lifetime. Wireline logging makes that possible.